An actinidia is considered quite widespread among the perennial plants of the genus lianas and today is gaining the increasing popularity. This is a plant with the ligneous shape trunks. It leaves have the small denticles, at the bottom − there are the short and stiff villuses. However, the most interesting, the "sirloin" part of actinidia is its fetuses.
Depending on what kind of plant you are dealing with, they can have different shapes and colors − from ordinary green to fulvous brown. A homeland of actinidia is the territory of Southeast Asia. It is in this region that there is the greatest number of varieties of actinidia grows. In all, there are about 30 kinds of them.
Planting and Care of Actinidia
This plant is rather whimsical and does not like bright light because of which the actinidia is recommended to plant in the places with a low illumination. Also, for the plant's bushes you need the effective protection from bad weather, wind, hail and strong sun. Therefore, it is advisable to plant the actinidia near the deciduous trees, which give protection and shade.
In addition, it is necessary to take care of actinidia in spring, autumn and winter. For the winter, actinidia is covered with the fir-needles, especially for the young shoots because they have a low resistance to frost. During the summer, actinidia should be watered as often as possible, and in the rest, a care for the actinidia is no different from other vegetables and plants in the garden plot. It must be protected in time from the pests, regularly weeded, loosened and manured.
The actinidia's gathering for the medicinal purposes occurs in the usual way. So, leaves, flowers, bark and berries of the plant are gathered and prepared in accordance to the recipes. As a rule, for the berries' gathering do not recommend to use metal dishes, as it provokes the destruction in them of vitamin C. Fetuses are harvested in a glass container, and stored in a place protected from the light.
Useful Composition of Actinidia
The actinidia is rich in minerals, vitamins and micro-elements. In it there is an abundant amount of water and dietary fibre, there is a sufficient amount of carotene and the starch is contained. Also, the plant's berries include the reducing sugars and the pectin compounds. A considerable number of organic substances, sucrose and natural dyes provide a huge benefit of actinidia.
The concentration of vitamin C in it is close to that of lemons, oranges, black currants and rosehips. The maximum amount of vitamin C in the actinidia's berries is contained in the mature fetuses. The main amount of vitamins is concentrated in the fruits flesh and the juice of this plant. In addition to the vitamin C, vitamins P and A, as well as the saturated and unsaturated fatty acids are also present here.
The ascorbic acid and the polyphenols allow storing the actinidia's berries in the fresh and conserved forms. Thanks to their useful and rich composition, the fetuses perfectly retain the properties during the freezing, so we can confidently say that the actinidia is useful in any condition. Often, the berries of this plant are added to the composition of syrups and kissels, to make compotes, juices, jams and fruit butters.
Useful Properties of Actinidia
Almost all the components of actinidia, including flowers, stems and leaves, have a huge therapeutic and dietary value for the human organism. Useful properties of actinidia have a positive effect on the ailments of digestive system; its berries are useful in the scurvy and the whooping cough, at the anemia and the various bronchial and pulmonary diseases.
The actinidia is useful for with the constipation and the worms, the stomach neuroses. It has a curative effect on the respiratory system − it helps cope with the bronchitis, is useful in the tuberculosis. The actinidia benefits at the rheumatism or the paralysis. The plant's berries activate and accelerate metabolic processes in the organism, helping cope with the various diseases, such as beriberi or anemia.
The decoctions based on the actinidia used to treat and prevent the caries. The plant's bark is used to relieve the headache and the dizziness, as an anesthetic and sedative. These properties are provided by this plant thanks to the tannins contained in its composition.
Every day it is recommended to eat three-five fetuses of actinidia to regulate the blood pressure. Due to the increased potassium content, the actinidia's berries help with increased arterial pressure.
In case of indigestion, unpleasant eructation, heaviness in the stomach and the intestines, and also with heartburn, it is also recommended eating several berries of this plant. Actinidine, as a part of the fetus, helps improve digestion, and speed up the splitting of foods that enter the stomach.
Contraindications and Harm of Actinidia
Who is not recommended the berries and remedies based on the actinidia? First, it is worthwhile to refrain from using the plant for those who suffer from the thrombophlebitis, such diseases as the varicose veins or the increased coagulability of the blood. Do not recommend the plant's berries at the food disorders, and also contraindicated for the individual intolerance. In other respects, the actinidia's fetuses are absolutely harmless and can serve a huge service for the health.
Therapeutic Prescription of Actinidia
An infusion of actinidia. To prepare this drug from the actinidia's leaves, it is necessary to grind them or the flowers and pour them by boiling water. For 20 grams of raw material requires 200 ml of boiling water. Then, the mixture is insisted for 15 minutes in a water bath, and after − cooling and filter. To take infusion should be three times a day on 1/3 cup. This infusion is used to relieve the symptoms of angina and rheumatism.
Another recipe is an infusion of Actinidia berries. It is necessary to take one tablespoon of berries and pour over a cup of boiling water. This infusion is recommended to be taken twice a day for 100 ml. Applied as a fortifying agent and for the violations of cerebral circulation.
A decoction of actinidia's dry berries. Two tablespoons of dried berries should be poured over by the boiling water (about one litre) and leave for one night in a thermos. To take the broth recommended three times a day before eating, one cup each. This remedy is applied for diseases of gastrointestinal tract, anemia and metabolic disorders in the organism.
An ointment from the actinidia's fetuses. For its preparation use the plant's berries of bitter varieties, for example actinidia polygamous. The grated berries must be mixed with a fatty base (pork fat is suitable) and pounded mustard seeds. This ointment has a healing-restoring effect and is used for a massage after fractures.