An amazing plant − a cherry, can grow both in the form of shrubs, and in the form of trees. In addition, many people consider cherries as fruits, deeply mistaken in this because cherry is nothing more than a real berry. The bush of a cherry in the wake of growing can become into a real tree except but the bush grows to 10 feet in height, then the cherry tree can grow and up 16-23 feet. The cherry leaves are very recognizable − they have an oval shape and a dark green hue, a smooth structure and a strongly corrugated surface. The plant blooms white, and less often − pink flowers, about one inch in diameter.
However, the most desired in this plant is, of course, the fruits. The cherry stems have a bright red color when ripe, and can have a dark red hue. When ripe, the most fetuses are very sweet, although they have some sour savor. There are also too sour fruits if unripe, but the bulk, however, is very tasty. Depending on the region of growing, the cherry fruits are ripening at different times − in some places it ripens already at the end of June, in other places the maturation may be postponed until the end of July. So do not be surprised why the cherry still does not ripen in July, for example. The plant is bearing fruits very abundantly. As a rule, from one shrub or tree, you can harvest about 66 pounds of cherries. The fruit bushes (or trees) begins to fruit only for the third year after planting, but in the future − fructifies during 15-20 years.
Calories and Nutritional Value of Cherries
As for this chapter of our article, it is worth saying that the cherries, like most berries, are a low-calorie product, which has an increased content of carbohydrates. For example, in 100g of the product there are only 50 Kcal. As for the dried fruits, their calorific value per 100g is as much as 290 Kcal. However, these cherries are not used in such large quantities as a fresh berry, so do not be afraid for your figure because even 7-10 ounces of dried cherries do not harm your body.
Concerning nutritional value, it should be noted that the cherry contains a large amount of carbohydrates (relatively large), as well as a large amount of water − as in any juicy berry. Thus, 100g of cherries contain about 10.5g of carbohydrates and about 84.7g of water. A rest part are − the other products, including fats and proteins, the latter in total amount to only one gram. Now, more about which is useful in the cherries, what are the qualities and qualities there in them?
On Beneficial Properties of Cherries
In the cherries there is a very large number of various useful and nutritious substances, most of which are vitamins − in particular, vitamins E and C, vitamin PP and several vitamins of group B. There are and acids in them − for example, folic and folic ones, as well as the other organic substances and microelements, among which:
- abundant amounts of iron and copper;
- a little less, but still a large amount of potassium and calcium;
- magnesium and sodium are also present here;
- zinc and fluorine, and other substances.
Already on the basis of this, it can be argued that the cherries will be useful in the case of diseases such as anemia, diseases associated with the cardiovascular system, kidneys, digestive system and so on.
A pigment in the composition of cherries, called anthocyanin, has a high degree of digestibility because it is in the same quantity throughout the fruit's pulp. This gives an opportunity to improve digestion and in the organism. There is a coumarin in the cherry − a substance that greatly increases the coagulability of the blood. This property is very useful in a number of cases − in particular, with the arterial atherosclerosis and its complications, and the presence of the aforementioned vitamins will relieve anemia and greatly accelerate the process of it treatment.
The cherries whose properties we are considering now contains a lot of the hematopoietic elements, for example, the listed above iron and copper, which allows you to fight the most cardiovascular diseases. In general, the cherry is one of those plants that is aimed at treating one system − the circulatory system of a person. Of course, it has a positive effect on the other organs and systems of the human body, but the impact on the heart, blood vessels and blood − just amazing. In addition, these berries contain pectins, which also have a significant role in the organism. In particular, the pectins help remove from the body the remains of nitrogen slags and other substances that have a negative effect on the cells and structure of the body's blood. The pulp of these berries has the bactericidal substances, the properties of which are famous without any saying.
Using of the cherry juice plays an important role. It is used not only simply to satisfy anybody's own tastes, but to treat a number of ailments − mental disorders and diseases, such an unpleasant illness as arthritis. The cherry juice has a laxative effect, and also acts as an expectorant, which, moreover, quenches thirst and simultaneously increases appetite. The cherries also have an ellagic acid − the last prevents the onset and development of the cancer, largely blocking the active growth and spread of cancer cells. In order to reduce the amount of uric acid in the organism, it is also enough to consume the cherries − this is facilitated by the presence of the anthocyanide. This same substance will reduce the risk of gout.
Since the berries contain ascorbic acid and a complex of vitamins P, together with the tannin components, this indicates a significant usefulness for the circulatory system. In particular, the cherries help strengthen the capillaries and arteries, are able to significantly reduce blood pressure and improve the body's resistance to various adverse effects. For example, the cherries can enhance the resistance of organism to the radiation background. Since this background is present everywhere, albeit in permissible norms, the cherries can additionally reduce this rate several times, which, of course, is an excellent positive property. Regular inclusion of the cherries in the diet provides an opportunity to reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes, etc.
It is easy to guess that the cherry was very actively used and is still used in folk-medicine. So, it is used as a dietary product that can increase the appetite and digestion, greatly reduce the thirst, etc. In addition, the decoctions and recipes based on the cherries are used as an expectorant and a soothing agent. Therefore, with its help you can easily get rid of colds or other infectious diseases. Emulsions based on the cherries and the pedicels help cope with urine acid diathesis and joint' pain.
Also, the cherries, the properties of which we have given in this article, has an antidiarrheal effect on the intestine, is used in various colitis and in the case of atony in the intestine. It is known that the folk-medicine uses both the berries of a plant, and leaves, twigs, inflorescences, and even cherry-stones. We also note the useful and tasty teas based on the inflorescences and young cherry branches.