One of the most useful root crops − a Jerusalem artichoke, has many unique names. It is called a wild sunflower, an earth apple or a sunchoke. However, no matter how they call this plant, its useful properties and therapeutic methods of application remain on the top.
In the Jerusalem artichoke there is a very rich chemical composition because of what this root crop the widest range of beneficial effects on the human body has. In this article, we will discuss the useful and harmful properties of Jerusalem artichoke, consider the recipes for using, as well as its impact on the health.
Useful Composition of Jerusalem Artichoke
In its useful composition, the Jerusalem artichoke is included in the "Top" of useful products. It contains a huge amount of pectins, mineral salts, such as potassium and silicon, zinc, iron and others. It contains also the proteins, the vitamins of group B and the ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
Comparative table of the root crop's useful composition (as a percentage of the raw mass of the plant):
A sufficient amount of inulin, fructose and other substances those are especially useful for diabetics. The inulin content in the artichoke is about 80%, which in itself is a real record. Also, this root crop contains the following minerals:
- about 10.1 mg of ferrum;
- about 44 mg of manganese;
- about 79 mg of calcium;
- 32.1 mg of magnesium;
- a record amount of potassium - 1382 mg;
- a small sodium content of 17.2 mg.
A unique characteristic of the constituent substance of Jerusalem artichoke is silicon, which is accumulated by the plant from the soil. It, as part of the root crop, contains up to 8%. In the Jerusalem artichoke there is also a protein − up to 3.2%, which is not so little if compared with other vegetables or fruits.
Useful Properties of Jerusalem Artichoke
This root is considered a sort of health cocktail, which is useful in many cases. First, this is the prevention of diabetes. As mentioned earlier, the inulin promotes the formation of fructose, which is especially useful for diabetics. The Jerusalem artichoke is useful for the diseases of digestive tract. Getting into the organism, the inulin is split by the hydrochloric acid and the enzymes of stomach into the molecules of fructose. This is useful not only for the blood, but also for the stomach, intestines and liver.
The inulin leads to rapid elimination from the organism of radionuclides, heavy metals, fatty acids and cholesterol crystals. It is reinforced by the dietary fibres' useful properties, also are included in the composition. The Jerusalem artichoke effectively protects the body from the harmful effects of viruses and infections, helps get rid of headache and high blood pressure, and when used correctly, it can increase the hemoglobin levels in the blood.
The Jerusalem artichoke takes an active part in bile formation; it is used to get rid of stones and sand in the bladder and kidneys. Apply the Jerusalem artichoke to fight with the deposited salts, with the constipation and the radiculitis, the pains in the intestines and so on.
The artichoke based dough is useful at the burns, the diseases such as the psoriasis and the gout. In addition to the roots of this plant, the Jerusalem artichoke tree leaves are widely used, which are effective in the controlling of osteochondrosis, arthritis and in the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries.
The Jerusalem artichoke helps get rid of heartburn, bitter taste in the mouth in the morning. Often, doctors, when prescribing medicines, recommend eating the Jerusalem artichoke during their reception. It is useful in the use of antibiotics, to reduce their effects on the liver. In addition, including in the diet of root crops, the ailments are eliminated much faster.
Contraindications to Using of Jerusalem Artichoke
Among the "most serious" contraindications regarding the Jerusalem artichoke, it is worth noting only the individual intolerance. If you started using it, but feel that it does not become better from it, perhaps it is worth putting aside this root crop.
In some people, the raw Jerusalem artichoke can lead to flatulence. Generally, there are simply not the other contraindications to this useful product! If you are using it in moderation, nothing terrible will happen.
Application and Recipes of Jerusalem Artichoke
In the first place, this plant is known as a medicinal product; therefore, we will consider several medicinal recipes for the application of Jerusalem artichoke.
It is very useful a juice, pressed out from the Jerusalem artichoke. It helps reduce the acidity of gastric juice; it is taken at the headache, for the treatment of small wounds and ulcers, stomach and duodenal ulcers and also polyarthritis. This juice is recommended to drink 15 minutes before meals half of a cup (1.8 ounces) three times a day.
Tubers of Jerusalem artichoke with diabetes, insomnia. Take at 5.3 oz of fresh plants' tubers, wash them and eat three times a day. They are used for the stomach ulcers, the gastritis, the insomnia, the thrombophlebitis and the constipation.
A powder from the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke. Take the plant's tubers and crush them into a powder. Now take two tablespoons of such powder, pour two cups of boiling water and leave to cool. Take at 6.8 oz of this drug every day for 15 minutes before meals with leukemia, anemia and other diseases.
An infusion of Jerusalem artichoke. For its preparation, take one tablespoon of Jerusalem artichoke's grass and fill it with three cups of boiling water. Leave for 10-12 hours in order to insist. Take the medicine in a filtrated form for 3.4 oz three times a day before meals. Indications for the use of such infusion − are colds, stomach diseases and others.
Several Culinary Recipes of Jerusalem Artichoke
Fried Jerusalem Artichoke. For this preparation it will be required:
- Jerusalem artichoke - about 9 oz,
- vegetable oil - about 1 oz,
- salt - 1-2 pinches.
Prepare the above products and Jerusalem artichoke itself washed and cleaned. Cut it onto the circles, heat the vegetable oil in a frying pan and put down the artichoke on it. Stir, fry in the vegetable oil for 10-15 minutes. Salt to taste and serve to the table.
A garnish from the Jerusalem artichoke. To make it, you will need:
- Jerusalem artichoke − 18 oz;
- garlic − 3 cloves;
- pepper spicy − 1 piece (to taste);
- parsley greens − to taste;
- olive oil − 2 tablespoons;
- vegetable broth − 5-7 oz.
Wash the Jerusalem artichoke thoroughly and peel it. If the tubers are very fresh, you can simply scrape them with a knife or wire brush. Peeled tubers are placed in a bowl with the cold water, with the addition of lemon juice, as they quickly darken. Cut the artichoke in thin slices. The shredded garlic and the red-hot peppers fry in olive oil. Add the Jerusalem artichoke and also quickly fry, stirring constantly. Add the vegetable broth or water. Salt and stew the Jerusalem artichoke under the closed lid 10 min. Then, add the parsley and stew for three-five more minutes.